In Russia, there are more than three hundred varieties of potatoes. They differ not only in the rate of maturation, but also in yield, purpose, and resistance to disease.
Among all existing groups, ultra-ripened potato varieties are very popular. Usually they are planted in early spring, as soon as the earth warms up to a temperature of +10 degrees.
After the first flowering, you can harvest the first crop. In this case, you do not need to wait until the tops become dry. For long-term storage, the potatoes are harvested when the peel becomes strong.
All early and ultra-early varieties of potatoes quickly ripen. Usually these varieties can be removed on the 40-70th day from the emergence of seedlings.
Dacha grow a variety of varieties ultra early potatoes. Usually plant several varieties of one group. This is done in order to always be with the harvest, because no one knows what the weather will be like and whether there will be a crop of a particular variety in a particular year.
Among all the existing varieties of ultra-fast-ripening potato, the best are:
- Red Scarlet
- Early Zhukovsky
- Impala and others.
Basic ultra early potato varietiesrepresented by Dutch selection and domestic varieties. One of the achievements of breeders was the variety of Red Scarlet. The first harvest can be obtained after 45 days.
The variety is characterized by large rootsoval shape weighing about 150 grams. The rind of the fruit is red with a smooth surface. The flesh is yellow. If damaged, it does not get dark.
When cooking, the potatoes are not boiled, so it is not recommended to use it for mashed potatoes. This variety is more suitable for frying, cooking first courses, baking. Roots contain about 15% starch.
Red Scarlet well tolerates drought and is practically not exposed to diseases. In any weather the variety yields a good harvest – up to 400 centners per hectare.
For winter storage, the potatoes are removed no earlier than on the 70th day after emergence. During the laying, the fruits do not deteriorate.
For the Moscow region, ultra-early potato varieties fit better than average. They manage to ripen well. One of these varieties is the variety Karatop. Approximately 50 days pass from planting to maturation.
Potato tubers are small, oval, weighing about 100 grams. The rind of the variety is yellow, with a smooth surface. On the cut, the potatoes are pale yellow. The variety has high taste qualities.
After cooking, the fruits are not boiled, but the color becomes a pleasant yellow. This grade contains about 14% starch.
Karatop has a high resistance to various diseases. The yield of this variety is slightly higher than that of Red Scarlet – about 450 quintals per hectare.
The variety is perfectly preserved in winter. To do this, the roots are harvested no earlier than 70 days after emergence. By this time, the peel becomes firm.
Among the best varieties of ultra early potatoes -sort of Zhukovsky early. It was brought out by native breeders. It ripens for about two months. For food you can use root vegetables before the specified time.
Potato tubers are oval, weigh about 150 grams. The surface is smooth, beige with pink eyes. The cut is white. During cooking, the potatoes are not boiled, so it is not used to make mashed potatoes. It is more suitable for frying, baking.
Zhukovsky early contains about 15% of starch. Of particular value is potato for those who want to grow potatoes that do not suffer from scab and nematode.
Zhukovsky is resistant to drought and grows well at low temperatures. This feature allows you to grow it on the territory of the whole country.
Anosta grade refers to the table ultra-early types of potatoes. Root crops are formed by the 60th day from the emergence of shoots.
The variety has yellow tubers, oval in shape. On the cut, the flesh is yellow. Weight of potatoes up to 150 grams. The starch content is about 13%. This variety has a number of disadvantages.
It is often affected by phytophthora, scab, various viral diseases. However, it has high yield and excellent taste qualities. At early harvesting, the tops may not be in time to be struck by disease.
Picking up the ultra-early varieties of potatoes for the north-west, it is worth paying attention to the variety Ariel. This potato has time to quickly yield before the disease, phytophthora.
The potato has a yellow peel, the flesh is also yellow. The tubers are oval.
When cultivating a variety, remember that it is not especially resistant to phytophthora, nematode and various viral diseases.
Therefore, so that the potatoes do not have time to get damaged by the disease, the root crops are removed immediately, as soon as they reach ripeness.
There are early varieties of potatoes Belarusian breeding, which grow beautifully in almost the entire territory of Russia. One such variety is the Dolphin variety. It gives a high yield – about 550 quintals per hectare.
It contains about 12% starch. The tubers are oval, with yellow skin and yellow flesh. The mass of potatoes is about 100 grams.
The variety is characterized by high taste qualities and early yield of the crop. On the 50th day you can collect root vegetables.
The dolphin is resistant to various potato diseases and to mechanical damages. It is medium-resistant to phytophthora, scab. It perfectly tolerates drought, can be stored for a long time.
Among the most early-ripening varieties, it should be noted that the potato is Timo. It can be grown in all regions of Russia.
Potato variety differs from othersthe stability of the crop. Even in the most barren year, Timo is able to give up to 400 quintals per hectare of land.
With good weather and proper farming technology, the variety yields up to 650 quintals per hectare.
Timo is well kept. This potato is resistant to the most common diseases. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the variety does not lend itself to potato cancer.
Choosing ultra-early varieties of potatoes for Siberia, it is worth paying attention to the variety of Timo. It is suitable for growing in conditions of extreme farming.
Description and photo of ultra-early potato varieties help determine the grade. Among the earliest species one can find potatoes of the Riviera.
This is a high-yielding variety, a table destination. It forms fruits before the tops are affected by phytophthora or other diseases.
When growing the Riviera in the southern regions, you can get a crop twice a year.
Potato roots have a yellow color outside and inside. When the rind is ripe, the variety can be stored for a long time.
The peculiarity of fast ripening makes it possible to obtain the first harvest, which does not need to be stored for a long time, and the second crop, which will be stored in appropriate conditions throughout the winter.
Among the ultra-early varieties of potatoes for the middle band, one can distinguish a grade of Gala. It forms fruits about the 70th day after planting.
Root varieties are oval, yellowish skin with a smooth surface. The colour of the pulp can be very different – from light yellow to dark yellow. Fruits have high taste qualities, do not darken with mechanical damages.
The plant is prone to fungal rhizoctonia, so it must be processed in a timely manner. With proper agrotechnics, the variety can yield up to 600 quintals per hectare. If the tubers are collected after ripening the peel, they can be stored for a long time.
This variety is bred by German breeders. From planting the harvest takes 45 days. Potato tubers have a rounded shape, the surface is slightly rough.
The flesh is yellow, the skin is pink. The taste of sweet potatoes. In Bellarose contains about 16% of starch.
Root crops perfectly tolerate a variety of diseases, drought. When harvesting from the 70th day, the fruits can be stored for a long time.
Observing the rules of agricultural technology, you can get up to 400 quintals from one hectare of land.
This variety is bred by German breeders. Its maturity comes two months after planting.
Adretta root crops have a rounded shape, with yellow skin and sparse eyes. Fruits of medium size, weighing about 150 grams.
Pulp and peel pale yellow. This grade is ideal for making puree, as it has the property of boiling. It contains up to 16% starch.
Adretta has a high resistance to various diseases, rot. It tolerates low temperatures well, so it can be grown throughout the country.
The average yield is about 400 quintals per hectare.
This variety is especially valuable for its unpretentiousness totype of soil. It can easily be grown in chernozem regions, on sandy, clayey and loamy soils.
Potato tubers are oval, the flesh is yellow. When cooking, the potatoes are almost not boiled, so it is not recommended to use it for mashed potatoes.
Root vegetables of average size, weighing about 100 grams, ripen on the 50th day of planting. About 350 centners of potatoes can be produced per hectare. When planting on poor soils, the yield is reduced to 150 centners.
The variety can be removed on the 55th day from planting. Izora has a high yield. He has deep round eyes. The flesh is white, malokrahmalnaya. The variety has high taste qualities and can be stored for a long time.
The disadvantages of Isor are various diseases that are already evident on the 70th day of landing. Therefore, potatoes are harvested earlier before the variety is damaged by blight or another disease.
In the West Siberian region are often grownvarieties that can be cleaned on the 50th day from planting. One of the varieties of such potatoes is the Antonin variety. He is capable of producing up to 300 centners per hectare of land.
If the rules of storage are observed, the variety does not deteriorate for a long time. About 94% of tubers are stored until the next planting year.
For growing potatoes in , say, the Central region of Russia, sturdy type is recommended. It has oval tubers. Peel and flesh beige shade. When storage conditions are observed, the roots can maintain their appearance for a long time without losing their taste.
Productivity varieties – up to 300 quintals per hectare of land.
To be an annual potato crop,It is recommended to plant different varieties on the site. When choosing early ripening options, attention should be paid to those varieties that will be suitable for preparing different dishes and will be able to grow in different conditions.
It is considered ideal to have at least three varieties. This will help in any weather to be with the harvest, be it hot summer, rainy spring, cold north or unpredictable weather of the Central District.