Reversing biodiversity loss and land degradation can reap $1.4 trillion per year

The Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), QU Dongyu, today called on G20 Environment Ministers to step up joint efforts, increase investment and work more closely with FAO for game-changing impacts on the planet.

Qu made the call at the G20 Ministerial Meeting on the Environment, which discussed solutions for nature and sustainability – from combating climate change to building sustainable cities.

“Today, humanity faces a triple planetary crisis of biodiversity loss, climate crisis, and the impact of the pandemic,” said the Director-General.

“To have healthy food, we need a healthy environment,” stressed Qu in view of the global challenge of having to meet a growing demand for food and other agricultural products whilst reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as conserving biodiversity, sustainably manage natural resources, including water, and protect and restore ecosystems.

Qu made a strong case for increasing water use efficiency and fostering sustainable water management to address water scarcity and improve water and food quality.

The lives of over a billion people are severely constrained by water scarcity or shortages; almost a billion hectares of rain-fed cropland and pastureland are severely affected by recurring drought, and over 60 percent of irrigated cropland are under high to very high water stress.

These water-related challenges could be addressed, argued Qu, with the help of digital innovation, more effective governance mechanisms, and investments.

The FAO Director-General also emphasized the need for stepping up biodiversity-friendly approaches, including more investments in related actions.

“Current levels of investment are highly insufficient,” said the FAO Director-General.

Yet, if we could fully fund the goal to restore degraded land, the target of halting deforestation could be achieved by 2030, added Qu.

The benefits of these would be significant. For example, reversing deforestation will help mitigate climate change and reduce the risk of future zoonotic spill-overs. Reversing biodiversity loss and land degradation can reap $1.4 trillion per year.

“We need to repurpose agricultural subsidies with harmful effects on our climate and biodiversity. We need to invest in the long-term Research & Development to create the innovation and technologies required for producing more with fewer emissions and within our environmental boundaries,” urged Qu.

Agricultural sectors offer key solutions to the biodiversity and climate crises.

To support these solutions, Qu also called for an enabling environment – including institutions, policies, and financial backing for the small-scale producers, family farmers, and Indigenous Peoples, who are the true in-situ custodians of our natural resources.

The recently launched UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, led by FAO and the UN Environment Programme, provided an “excellent opportunity to mobilize our collective efforts”, noted Qu.

He emphasized that FAO’s work was guided by the need to transform agri-food systems, making them more efficient, resilient, inclusive, and sustainable – all with the aim of achieving FAO’s “four betters”: Better Production, Better Nutrition, a Better Environment, and a Better Life, leaving no one behind.

FAO for nature.
The planet is losing biodiversity at an alarming rate, and FAO is calling for urgent action to reverse this trend.

Putting in action what it recommends, FAO is mainstreaming and scaling up biodiversity-friendly approaches and actions – from developing policies, facilitating dialogues to implementing projects and supporting countries doing the same – across the food and agricultural sectors.

FAO, with its Members and partners, is contributing to the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to be adopted at the next UN Biodiversity Conference that supports the sustainable use, conservation, and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems.

As part of the efforts of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, FAO will focus on restoring ecosystems to enhance food security, transform agri-food systems, address climate change and preserve biodiversity.

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