CEOs of several horticultural enterprises claim that at the beginning of January, they received offers from their Russian buyers (suppliers of supermarket chains) to start sorting and packing Gala and Granny Smith apples.
In the middle of this month, they should be able to export them to Russia. So far, we are not talking about orders of batches with specific volumes at fixed prices and an exact delivery schedule.
However, Moldovan producers and traders perceive such signals as signs that the Russian market is running out of high-quality, locally produced apples.
So far, the forecasted revival of foreign trade has not affected wholesale prices for apples within Moldova.
In particular, the price range for apples of Gala and Granny Smith varieties of export quality has not changed since the end of December. On average, it is 10-11 lei/kg ($0.57-0.63/kg).
In 2021, Russia will make the rules for the supply of fruits to its market more severe. Exporting enterprises authorised by Rosselkhoznadzor will have to obtain a personal identification number of the manufacturer and place it on the packaging of products supplied to the Russian Federation.
Some Moldovan agricultural traders have already received this number, but they have not yet exported their products to the Russian market.
That is, they do not yet have information on how this innovation works in practice. Therefore, they are afraid of “its interpretation by the controlling authorities of the Russian Federation.”