Decentralizing food systems: Solidaridad supports fruit and vegetable farmers to revitalize the sector in Zambia
Fruit and vegetables are an important part of a balanced diet, delivering nutrients to our bodies that can reduce the risk for cancers, obesity, and heart attacks.
Yet the production of these foods is often anything but balanced and many people do not have access to these healthy products.
The fruit and vegetables sector is one of the biggest and diverse economic sectors in the world and occupies more land than coffee, cocoa, sugar, and soy.
Specifically, the fruit and vegetables sector can help the agriculture industries in developing nations stimulate economic growth and reduce poverty.
Under the Fruit and Vegetable project in Zambia, Solidaridad has worked with communities to establish 14 Fruit and Vegetable nurseries across Katete, Chongwe, and Mazabuka.
Good agricultural practices and quality inputs, coupled with business incubation, is helping to revitalize the citrus sector in the country.
Centralised food systems create exclusive food production ecosystems across different commodities; this means that only a few, well positioned players influence what, where, when, and how food is grown.
Most smallholder farmers are not privileged to afford proximity to these well established food systems. Therefore, democratising our food systems becomes critical for the majority of the rural communities.
Many smallholder farmers rely on traditional, unsustainable, and often inefficient farming methods due to inadequate agronomic knowledge.
These methods, coupled with bad soil management, lack of access to quality seeds, limited access to markets and financial services, and poor rural infrastructure have triggered and accelerated poverty, food insecurity, and environmental degradation.
To help smallholder producers improve their economic and environmental sustainability, Solidaridad, under its Fruit and Vegetable project in Zambia, has established 14 Fruit and Vegetable nurseries across Katete, Chongwe, and Mazabuka.
The nurseries are human centered as they not only provide indirect funding through the provision of certified vegetable and citrus seedlings but also act as platforms for behavioural change through good agricultural training, and business enterprise incubation.
This will help farmers in understanding the concept of farming as a business, not just a way of life. Moreover, the project has helped to revive the country’s citrus sector, as most smallholders could not produce their own seedlings. This has been achieved by training farmers on grafting techniques as a plant reproduction method.
So far, the project has provided materials and inputs to produce 12,000 rootstock seedlings for oranges in Katete. Moreover, in the endeavour to contribute to an inclusive and sustainable fruit and vegetable sector in Southern Africa, this project, through training, aims to ensure that smallholder farmers can independently produce quality seedlings and build business cases with the prospect of upscaling.