Home gardening: How to make a simple drip irrigation home garden using plastics
The vast majority of hungry and malnourished people live in developing countries under sub-standard living conditions and over half a billion of the global population suffer from chronic food insecurity.
With the global population expected to reach over 9 billion by 2050, there is a continuous need to increase food production and buffer stocks.
In this scenario, countries around the world, especially developing countries where the pervasiveness of hunger and food scarcity is more acute, are resorting to various counter strategies to meet the growing demand and to avert food insecurity and famine.
Over the recent years there has been growing interest to strengthen and intensify local food production in order to mitigate the adverse effect of global food shocks and food price volatilities.
Consequently, there is much attention towards home gardens as a strategy to enhance household food security and nutrition.
Home gardens are becoming an integral part of local food systems and the agricultural landscape of developing countries all over the world and have endured the test of time.
A home garden is a small-scale production system supplying plant and animal consumption and utilitarian items either not obtainable, affordable, or readily available through retail markets, field cultivation, hunting, gathering, fishing, and wage earning.
Such gardens tend to be located close to dwellings for security, convenience, and special care. They occupy land marginal to field production and labour marginal to major household economic activities.
Featuring ecologically adapted and complementary species, home gardens are marked by low capital input and simple technology.
Generally, home gardening refers to the cultivation of a small portion of land which may be around the household or within walking distance from the family home.
Home gardens can be described as a mixed cropping system that encompasses vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, herbs, ornamental and medicinal plants as well as livestock that can serve as a supplementary source of food and income.
Home gardening is an intimate, multi-story combinations of various trees and crops, sometimes in association with domestic animals, around homesteads. It is fully or partially committed for vegetables, fruits, and herbs primarily for domestic consumption.
Now back to how to make a simple drip irrigation home garden. Have you ever imagined a world free of plastics? Generally, majority of home garden technologies utilize readily available plastic and waste materials therefore contributing to environmental conservation.
In this article you will learn how to make simple drip irrigation for your home garden using plastic materials.
Everyone can to take the initiative and make your own home garden at your residence all by yourself or with your children using the technologies described in this article. It can be a great bonding exercise with your children as you impart them with knowledge.
Materials needed to make a simple drip irrigation for home garden include:
- Several 5 liter bottles or jerry cans [or any size available]
- Wooden pole/stand or a wall as a support structure,
- Cutting tools,
- Soil and manure mixed in a 1:1 ratio.
Procedure for constructing simple drip irrigation kitchen garden:
- Choose an appropriate ground with no obstruction to sunlight,
- Dig a hole approximately 2 feet deep,
- Mark the height of the wooden pole to a height you can reach (7 feet recommended),
- Mark intervals 50 cm apart for bottles,
- Cut the bottom part of jerry can,
- Nail the jerry cans to the pole,
- Use binding wire to fix bottle to pole,
- Put the pole in the hole,
- Put stones at bottle tops,
- Add soil to bottles,
- Add a handful of DAP fertilizer,
- Prick 5 liter bottle with a pin for water to drip,
- Fill bottle with water and attach to pole then plant.
We recommend planting vegetables such as tomato, onions, lettuce, etc. which are not deep rooted and also 3 seedling per bottle. Simple drip irrigation technology requires little time and energy to set up and maintain.
I hope you are going to try this. Do not forget to follow us on the various social media for more of such knowledge.